The underlying principle of Cypriot Land Law is that every interest or right over or affecting immovable property is registered and can be traced in the Registries of the Lands and Surveys Department kept in the District Land Offices (one for each of the five Districts). These include ownership, easements, privileges rights of way, rights reserved, mortgages and encumbrances, contracts of sale, springs, boreholds wells, watercourses irrigation channels and rights thereon, trusts and leaseholds.
This was made possible by the General Survey and Registration conducted in the 1920s. The General Survey resulted in the adoption of survey plans made to scale for the whole of Cyprus on which each piece of land as it was held then is plotted to scale and numbered. Practically all privately owned land was then registered in the name of the owners and title deeds issued. Each registration and title deed relates to a plot on a Government survey plan made to scale and the area covered by the registration and corresponding title deed is the area of the plot on such survey plan.